Nexam Chemical, – Genius Applications of the 148 year old Berthelot Reaction

Posted: 28 September, 2014 in Nexam, Published Investment Calls
Tags: , , , , , , , , ,

The scientific key to the expected near future Nexam Chemical commercial success has not yet been highlighted by analysts. Tentatively, due to a lack of scientific understanding. C.E.S.I. hopes this chemical analysis of the Nexam linker central scaffold also will enlight “non-chemist”. But first, a few quotes and some financial aspects from the recent Nexam interim report (Q2, 2014):

http://www.nexamchemical.com/Documents/Interim%20Reports/Nexam_ENG_Q2_2014_20140821_OK.pdf

Nexam Chemical 

“Nexam Chemical develops technology and products that make it possible to significantly improve the properties and performance of most types of plastics in a cost-effective manner and with the same production technology intact. The properties that are improved include temperature resistance and service life. The property improvements that can be achieved by using Nexam Chemical’s technology make it possible to replace metals and other heavier and more expensive materials with plastics in a number of different applications. The company was founded in July 2009 after a management buy-out of a crosslinker project from the Perstorp Group. By then, Perstorp had put a number of years into the development of the project, but decided to divest its involvement in the field to instead focus on aldehyde-based chemistry. Nexam Chemical currently has fifteen employees in Sweden and eight in Scotland. The Company’s head office and R&D are in Lund, Sweden, but its production takes place in St. Andrews, Scotland”

Ongoing partnerships and customer projects

“Since Nexam Chemical’s technology was introduced in 2009, a number of development projects and partnerships have been entered into with a range of leading parties, of which several are world leaders in their respective niches. They include BASF, Repsol, IRPC, Sumitomo, ABB, NASA and Rolls-Royce. Nexam Chemical currently works with over 20 of the world’s 100 largest chemicals and materials companies.”

Vision and mission

Nexam Chemical’s vision is to be a recognised world leader in the field of property modification of plastic and polymer materials via heat-activated crosslinking.

The scientific key.

But before C.E.S.I. continues, let´s halt and highlight a few statements depicted in this article:

The author “BSV” quotes (slightly edited and translated by C.E.S.I.)

The article ends with a milestone quote fr Nexam CEO Per Morin quote from a Redeye (video) presentation.

“For us this is almost as Losec, we will be protected for 20 years and we can dictate who will get to do it and on what terms …”

  • C.E.S.I. does not believe that Nexam is developing a ground braking product, because…
  • C.E.S.I. is 100% convinced that Nexam is developing an array of ground breaking products.
  • C.E.S.I. also claims that the CEO´s quote “For us this is almost as Losec” is an understatement in respect to scientific quality.

Why? Here is why:

Losec, i. e. Omeprazole, is a selective and irreversible proton pump inhibitor. It suppresses stomach acid secretion by specific inhibition of the H +/K + ATPase system. Because this enzyme system is regarded as the acid (proton, or H+) pump within the gastric mucosa, omeprazole will inhibit the final step of acid production. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Omeprazole.  However, the beauty is in the fine details of the chemistry! The drug Omeprazole is activated by stomach acid (by protonation of the pyridine moiety, which triggers the remaining desired cascade of events). Thus, Omeprazole should be defined as a target seeking missile.

Likewise, the beauty of the Nexam cross linker is also in the fine details of the chemistry! Cross linker molecule number 1 covalently binds both the polymer and the cross linker-polymer conjugates of the cross linker molecules number 2 and number 3. Thus, the Nexam cross linker molecules are double target seeking missiles! Thus, C.E.S.I. claims that the CEO statement “For us this is almost as Losec” is an understatement in respect to scientific quality. Both the description, the chemistry, the impact and the hidden simplicity is hard to grasp, especially for a non-chemist..

Therefore, the scientific key will also be explained in one single picture, which was also appreciated the small children of C.E.S.I. In fact, this synthetic scheme was C.E.S.I.s´ contribution to the family´s joint art weekend session…

PLEASE CLICK PICTURE TO ENLARGE

Nexam PNG

C.E.S.I. was only 99% confident that the combination of the Nexam polymers was a genius application of the historical 1866 Berthelot reaction. This key question had to be addressed, so C.E.S.I. submitted this question and this exact picture included…, to the Nexam CEO Per Morin and Daniel Röme, PhD and NEXAM Director of Business Development & Innovation. The content was much appreciated, confirmed and approved. Logically, Per and Daniel recommended C.E.S.I. to add another 4 words to the title: “A first and simplified crash course on Nexam Chemical Crosslinking perspective”.

Likewise, Per and Daniel also stressed that this simplification dedicated to non-chemists was appealing (Sept 25, 2014). They recommended C.E.S.I. not to edit the early draft picture “too much” (most likely, they also wished you, the reader of the manuscripts´ final version , a few moments of laughter.

However, C.E.S.I. came to the conclusion that a non-chemist still would not grasp the scientific beauty of the Nexam technology. This conclusion resulted in a few additional graphic views to illustrate the Nexam technology:

CLICK PICTURE TO ENLARGE!

 Benzene Diamond Graphene Introduction FINAL3

CLICK PICTURE TO ENLARGE!

Sunday FINAL Berthelot

CLICK PICTURE TO ENLARGE!

CYCLOTRIpng240SUN final

Key scientific messages in these graphic slides:

  • Nexam´s cross linker design is a genius application of the “forgotten” Berthelot reaction
  • The Berthelot reaction – as such – has been ignored (and been forgotten about!) by scientific communities, presumably due to the inherent issues in other non cross-linker applications (i. e. “normal” synthetic chemistry).
  • The core of the Nexam cross linker technology end-products is a Benzene derivative. Benzene derivatives are very stable. This derivative should be a perfect central hub (=knot) in most multidimensional polymer frameworks! Nexam technology is not solely genius – It is unique!

Nexam competitors?

C.E.S.I fails to find Nexam competitors. Most likely, there is competition in this specific cross linker technology, but C.E.S.I. can not find any relevant “Nexam threats”. The most interesting finding is this article:

http://www.ptonline.com/articles/radiation-crosslinking-boosts-nylon-properties

“TechnoCompound offers nylon 6 compounds that can be crosslinked with standard electron-beam technology, including conveyor batch processing, in-line wire/cable processing, and film/sheet processing. Companies can utilize existing electron-beam processing equipment to replace higher-cost thermoplastics with high-performing and more economical crosslinkable nylon (see Table 1). TechnoCompound’s compounds have been targeted for electrical connectors, with a strong focus on automotive applications where higher temperature performance is required.”

And the article summarizes:

“OTHER ACTIVITIES IN CROSSLINKED NYLON

Most of the development activity and commercial use of crosslinked nylons has taken place in Europe and Asia. Sumitomo Chemicals was among the first companies that pursued crosslinked nylons. By 2005, the company had developed new radiation-crosslinking nylon 66 molding compounds, which were adapted commercially for heat-resistant electrical connectors.

In late 2011, BASF (U.S. office in Florham Park, N.J.) and Sweden’s Nexam Chemical, a supplier of heat-activated crosslinkers for polymers, forged an exclusive cooperation agreement to develop and commercialize crosslinkable nylon 66 for automotive and electrical/electronic applications as initial targets.

Foster Corp., Dayville, Conn., developed its Fostalink crosslinkable elastomeric nylon compounds for medical applications such as catheters and valving, and nonmedical applications such as heat-shrink valving.”

C.E.S.I. : Examples of TechnoCompound´s crosslinker technology and specific cross linkers:

“Nylons 6, 66, and 11 can be radiation crosslinked, but the first two require addition of a crosslinking agent. For example, the polyfunctional monomer triallyl isocyanurate or triallyl-cyanurate can be compounded into nylon pellets. The crosslinkable pellets can then be molded, extruded, or otherwise formed into the final product”

A google triallyl isocyanate price search, makes C.E.S.I. feel like the scientist Mr Walt in the cutting edge quality TV series “Breaking Bad”:

http://www.alibaba.com/showroom/triallyl-cyanurate.html

Despite the low cost of “triallyl isocyanate” (1-2 US$ / Kilogram), this cross linker is based on “electron beam technology”, which to C.E.S.I seems inferior to standard heat activation of cross linkers (Nexam-BASF. Nexam-Armacell, Nexam-X, Nexam-Y etc. etc.)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electron_beam_processing

Very interestingly, the Nexam CEO Per Morin touch upon this subject in an Introduce.se Nexam Video interview (June 10th, 2014). His conclusions are in accordance with the C.E.S.I. conclusions: “Electron Beem technology has been around for 50 years, it´s simply too expensive”

http://www.introduce.se/foretag/nexam/intervjuer/2014/6/nexam—intervju-med-vd-per-palmqvist-morin-och-forskningschef-dane-momcilovic/

And the competition from the giants within Process Polymer industry? Well, it seems that theese “key industry leaders” are aligning themseves to the core Nexam technology…

Nexam – Scalability issues?

Daniel Röme, PhD and NEXAM Director of Business Development & Innovation and Per Morin Nexam CEO:

Translated and slightly edited by C.E.S.I (!):

“I judge the risk of being unable to scale up production as relatively small,” says Daniel Rome. Instead, he assesses the risk of postponed projects as higher. This has happened before for Nexam. When plastic manufacturers are in reorganizations or depressed market conditions, they prioritize ongoing projects and existing customers in front of the development projects in where Nexam are involved. Nexam believes it can provide more information about pet foam-scaling during September or at the next quarterly report, and CEO Per Morin estimates that Nexam could ultimately turnaround around 50 million a year on the pet foam project with this specific client. Generally, Nexam Chemical aims towards gross margins around 40-50 per cent, he says, but declines due to many uncertain parameters to provide any more long-term sales forecast. According to the Nexam CEO, Per Morin: Today, we can not see a need for a rights issue to scale up production with connected associated working capital requirements, “No, instead we’ll solve the working capital requirements by negotiating with our customers and suppliers”

Original swedish version in link below (please use google translate):

http://www.privataaffarer.se/direkt-nv/nexam-upprepar-prognos-om-breakeven-2h-2014-vd-545809
C.E.S.I. conclusion: Nexam is Nexam´s worst enemy, or?

The molecules, i. e. the products, in the Nexam pipeline are extremely easy to synthesise for most chemists ( a person skilled in the art of constructing new molecules). One might argue that Nexam can produce the linkers in the most cost efficient way and this might be true today, but potentially not in the future or even near future. C.E.S.I. predicts that it would take an experienced Synthetic Chemist (e. g. C.E.S.I.) approximately 5-15 days to synthesize (= to construct) one or a few grams of cross linker material. C.E.S.I. has + 13 years of experience in small scale small molecule synthesis. C.E.S.I. can not understand that a high quality process company with a vibrant creative environment should, per default, fail to copy the Nexam cross-linkers with roughly the same production cost (or even at lower production). Therefore, securing the intellectual Property (IP) must at all times be on top of Nexam´s highest priority agenda. From the massive IP press release news flow from Nexam, C.E.S.I. concludes that the Nexam CEO and the Nexam board has understood this key issue. Thus, C.E.S.I. is thrilled of excitement. Now, it seems that analysts and the market “demand” a big order from a key industry process company. Today, C.E.S.I. does not share the analyst’s and the market´s demand. C.E.S.I. would like to see even a few more “new patent press releases” prior to the announcement of the first big order. However, the recent small order announcement is a key milestone (see below). This order is a another “proof of concept” i. e. it is a solid proof that the nexam technology is not solely of academic interest… C.E.S.I. predicts that Nexam will be a key player in the next industry revolution (New superior bulk- and advanced materials).

http://www.nexamchemical.com/en/Investors/Press-releases/Pressmeddelande/?releaseid=1701030

http://www.nexamchemical.com/en/Investors/

The world of plastics and polymers is wide and complex. There are tons of materials out there and only some of them can and have been optimized for use in 3D printing. So, if you were a company that produced some of the most advanced polymeric mixes out there, what would you do? You would probably do what Sweden based Nexam Chemicals just did for its PEPA Crosslinker: develop a process for using it for 3D printing with thermoplastics.

Nexam is known for developing technology and products that improve the properties of polymeric materials using conventional processing equipment (i.e. extruders). Its technology is used for cross linking polymers (which in principle can consist of an unlimited number of monomers) and oligomers (which consist of only a few monomers) to create new cross linked polymers with superior properties.

Controlled crosslinking can give the original polyamide enhanced properties in terms of chemical resistance and thermal/dimensional stability, make it stronger during use and make it more recyclable. It can also improve throughput and enable new processes.

According to the latest Chinese patent filed in China by the Institute of Chemistry at the Chinese Academy of Sciences, that is what the Crosslinker PEPA material (aka Neximid 100) will do, by enabling new methods and new capabilities for 3D printing of polyamide thermoplastics, giving nylon properties that in certain circumstances may allow it to be used to replace metal components.

http://3dprintingindustry.com/2014/09/26/nexam-chemical-gets-3d-printing-crosslinker-pepa/

And the current Nexam portfolio? There is still room for improvements.

CLICK PICTURE TO ENLARGE!

Nexam produktportfölj by CESI

Nexam – Better plastics, Final conclusions by C.E.S.I.

  • Increased processability equalls…
  • New polymers in new processes in new products
  • Increased thermo stability (heat stability)
  • Increased chemical stability
  • Increased mechanical stability
  • Increased UV
  • Increased “total plastic properties” to a reduced price
  • Nexam´s customers can direct use the Nexam products, without associated major hardware refurbishment costs
  • Last 6 months: The Nexam technology has been introduced for new world leading companies.
  • Increased level of activity in the company
  • Solely, the Armacell and BASF project can respectively result in a turnaround of 10 mSEK year 1 and 50 mSEK year 2 – with a net marin of 40% (!)
  • Nexam predicts that news regarding more new applications soon will be announced (electronics, Asian energy sector, european plastic recycling projects),
  • In the future: Nexam predicts additional new nylon applications
  • In the future: Nexam predicts ”some concepts involving polyolefins”
  • A new product is under evaluation in china

The Nexam case is – without competition – C.E.S.I.s´ all time favorite company and investment call!

A prediction of the near future share price is slightly silly and surprisingly difficult.

A prediction of the 2019 year share price is also slightly silly, and also impossible.

C.E.S.I. is biassed and extremely positive.

Why?

Nexam End 1

…and…

End 3

C.E.S.I. has granted the approval to share these official Nexam slides (Per Morin). Original material is available at http://www.nexamchemicals.com (presentation section)

Interim Financial Statements for Quarter 3, July–September 2014

Entering into a new phase with high speed

Several new projects have been initiated during the quarter, mainly with European customers, and Nexam Chemical has delivered products to several of them. Our partnership with Armacell is progressing, albeit with some delays. We are also poised to begin a project funded by Eurostar that we will be working on together with Armacell and The European Van Company. The aim of the project is to upgrade recycled PET for use in PET foam and other applications. We were informed in the summer that this project will receive funding from Eurostar. In addition, many other entities in Europe are testing Nexam Chemical’s formulations mainly for upgrading recycled PET resin for various applications. Nexam Chemical entered into a cooperation agreement with its polyethylene partner IRPC over the summer for development and commercialization of modified polyolefins. IRPC has informed us that they now have passed the development phase, with respect to a polyethylene quality for pipes, and will begin testing the quality for approval together with their end client in the autumn/winter. This will be an interesting and potentially large application area for our company. Nexam Chemical held a technical launch of its new high-temperature resin, NEXIMID® MHT-R, in the beginning of October and we have already received several inquiries from around the world. In addition to the project with Rolls Royce and Swerea SiComp, we are expecting several companies to initiate projects with the new resin in the coming years. The in-depth section of this report features a fairly new area for Nexam Chemical: liquid crystalline polymers, or LCP plastics as they are often referred to. This material is rapidly gaining ground, especially in the electronics industry, where Nexam Chemical has already established itself as a supplier of products for property improvement.

Best regards, C.E.S.I.

The author, Cutting Edge Science Invest, is a Nexam Chemical share holder. Cutting Edge Science Invest can not guarantee, or take into  accountability, the content of truth and accuracy of the information in this article/post.Thus, Cutting Edge Science Invest requires that a possible reader gather complimentary information if any type of investment in the company described above is considered.

Cutting Edge Science Invest provides personally biased information and at best also “general information and opinions”.

The article/post does not contain professional investment advice. 

 

Comments
  1. DrB says:

    Wow ! That’s an impressive analysis of Nexam !
    I especially liked the “crash course for dummies”
    Shit, now I need to buy some Nexam stocks, you have convinced me 🙂

  2. Please do your homework first! I do not aim to convince anyone! I aim to convince myself to do my homework. This homepage facilitates this action. Cheers, C.E.S.I.

  3. Bernt says:

    Its going to be a big company.

    BJ

  4. raj says:

    Interesting analysis, these new plastics seem to be a big global trend.
    A couple of questions
    1. Do Nexam make the plastics or just an additive that is sold to the plastic manufacturers?
    2. Any data e.g. heat resistance, to show Nexam’s product (with the fancy chemistry) is superior?
    3. Insider buying info would be interesting. Seen any? Did a quick search on avanza but no luck.
    4. Their 1% market penetration seems one of those standard ‘guess-estimate goals’. More to it than that?

  5. 1 The additive. It is used in a catalytical amount (= small amount). In the future, Nexam Chemical will most likely also license cross-linker production to end costumers and partners (=great=no Nexam effort=pure profit)
    2 Not to C.E.S.I.s´ knowledge. However, the properties are scientifically superior, because of fundamentally reorganized molecular linkages in the polymer structure. The polymer is multi-dimensionally rigidified by the benzene derivative as the chemically and mechanically stable hub. There has been a video in one of the Nexam Chemical presentations demonstrating one excellent property. Unfortunately, I can not get this video to roll on my computer, i. e. I have not seen it.
    3 No recent insider buys to my knowledge. http://www.nexamchemical.com/en/Investors/Share-Information/Insiders/
    4 C.E.S.I believes the far future 1% market penetration is an understatement. Simply seems too low. Nobody can seriously predict the near future and future market penetration.

    Cheers, C.E.S.I.

  6. raj says:

    Thanks for you answers.

    I was looking at their presentation slides to understand what competitive advantages their cross linked polymer had over others. It’s then I realised they seem to be the only ones with this technology! Really good, plus I like the fact you can potentially just add their additive to currently running manufacturing processes = low switching costs, nice!

    There is definitely huge upside potential with his stock IF it works on a large scale and is widely adopted. Time will tell, difficult to predict (not unusual). Looking at P/S and P/B ratios the market is already pricing in growth, how much I can’t say yet without looking into the numbers more deeply.

    Perhaps I am misunderstanding but wasn’t this alkyne cross coupling additive originally developed/invented by NASA in the 90’s? Either way it doesn’t matter, what is important now is Nexam has the best available and is protected by their patents.

    • To my knowledge, the initial specific contributions was discovered by Perstorp AB and/or NASA, but the cross linker technology is still based on the 148 year old Berthelot reaction. But you are right. This is irrelevant today. Nexam is the sole IP owner! And currently, there is no competitors within this area!

  7. […] Nexam – Genius Applications of the 148 Year Old Berthelot Reaction […]

  8. […] Nexam – Genius Applications of the 148 Year Old Berthelot Reaction […]

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